The map shows the Skolt Sámi Land and the borders of national states in 1920. The Skolt Sámi Land is the home area for the indigenous Skolt Sámi people.
The borders through the Skolt Sámi Land were redrawn after the First World War. Newly independent Finland obtained the Petsamo area and thereby access to the Arctic Ocean. The Skolt Sámi living in that area became citizens of Finland instead of Russia. In Norway, the Skolt Sámi suffered from Norwegianization. On the Russian side, the Skolt Sámi were persecuted due to Stalin’s minority group policies. It became difficult to follow seasonal migration routes, a typical of the Skolt Sámi way of life. The Skolt Sámi of Suenjel area were the only ones able to carry out this traditional lifestyle.
The map was produced for the exhibition Saaʹmijânnam – The Skolt Sámi Land in Äʹvv Skolt Sámi museum in Neiden, Norway. The map is the result of a collaboration between Äʹvv Skolt Sámi museum (responsible for the reconstruction of the Skolt Sámi areas and the exhibition), Yngvar Julin (concept of maps and exhibition architect), Nordregio (base maps) and Rethink. and illustrator Ruth Thomlevold (graphic design).
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Related Research Projects
- Saaʹmijânnam – Borders: 1826
- Saaʹmijânnam – the Community: Location of the Skolt Sámi Land
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- Saaʹmijânnam – the Community: Location of the Skolt Sámi sijdds with water bodies and elevation
- Saaʹmijânnam – the History: Assumed distribution of ethnic groups around year 500
- Saaʹmijânnam – the History: Taxation and borders in 14th century
- Saaʹmijânnam – the History: The monastery of Petsjenga and the fortress of Kola
- Saaʹmijânnam – Borders: 1949