Settlements by size in the Arctic

The map shows the type of settlements by population size in the Arctic in 2017.

The yellow tones indicate settlements with less than 5 000 inhabitants, and the blue tones indicate three types of settlements with at least 5 000 inhabitants.

Most of the Arctic settlements (90,5%) are small (less than 5 000 inhabitants). The large settlements are mainly regional/administrative centres especially in the Canadian Arctic, Greenland, Iceland, the Faroe Islands and most regions of the Russian Arctic. In Alaska (USA), the Arctic Fennoscandia, Yamalo-Nenets, Khanty-Mansi and Sakha (Russian Federation), the settlement density is high with many large settlements. Even though small settlements outweigh large settlements in terms of number, inhabitants living in settlements with more than 5 000 inhabitants represent most of the Arctic population (74,3%).