Land use plans range from an overall strategic document for a municipality or a region, to a detailed plan describing development of a specific locality. Land use planning also provides foresight by identifying options for how a future vision may be achieved through land use development.
In this context, land use planning is also understood as a process, involving public authorities, private sector actors, and of course, the political sphere. Within land use planning, information is used to add knowledge to the process – as input that supports decision making and as output that documents processes into concrete “plans”. Geographic information systems (GIS), and the data they use, are often fundamental tools of local land use planning.
These applications are wide ranging, with different programmes addressing diverse sectors and themes and delivering both insight into current land use patterns and foresight into expected or desired outcomes. Such a wide range of tools and possible uses means that knowing what is available for local planning is a complex issue. At the same time, planning departments in relatively small municipalities, five of which are participating in the REGINA project, often have less well-developed GIS knowledge base due to their lower availability of human and capital resources.
In response, this report provides a general guidance for these types of municipalities that want to learn more about their options for land use planning using GIS. As part of the REGINA project, we focus on northern and Arctic communities facing the development of large-scale natural resources-based industries alongside existing economic and socio-cultural activities.
Information is provided based on four key topics:
- Spatial data types and data sources
- GIS tools
- Local competencies of REGINA partner municipalities
- Land use foresight planning – GIS and stakeholder participation
Related Research Projects
- REGINA Policy brief 2017:1: Local Smart Specialisation: a strategy for remote communities with large-scale resource-based industries
- Proceedings from the First International Conference on Urbanisation in the Arctic
- Urbanization and the role of housing in the present development process in the Arctic
- Arctic Social Indicators
- Demographic change and labour market challenges in regions with large-scale resource-based industries in the Northern Periphery and Arctic
- REGINA partners meet in Sandnessjøen August 15-17
- Registration to a study trip to Värmland is open!
- 22-24 March: 3rd REGINA partner meeting
- Social impacts of mining – new results from the REGINA project
- Nordregio presented at OECD meeting on mining regions and cities
- Launch of new local smart specialisation platform for sparsely populated areas
- Nordregio discusses youth issues at the Arctic Circle Assembly
- EU project on local development visits Qaqortoq