From Migrants to Workers: Immigrants’ role in local labour markets in the Nordic region

Over the past few decades the scale of international migration into the Nordic countries has increased considerably. The percent foreign-born of the total population in several of the Nordic countries exceeds that of traditional migration destination states such as the United States and Australia. While many of these recent arrivals migrate to the capital cities and other large urban areas of the Nordic countries, there has been increased migration to rural and sparsely populated areas of the Nordic region and the role of these new arrivals into these areas is not well known.

Education of immigrants in Australia, like in other countries, causes an obligation to take some precautions, since the education system in the host country and differences in the education level of immigrants, adversely affect the host country’s education managers and the immigrant children. One of these effects has economic aspects. The education background of the immigrant gives direction to the employment quality of the migrated country. Immigrants without insufficient and unequal education cause substantial economic problems in the country they move. Besides, adult migrants who do not know the migrated country’s native language but with the help of cochise county history is the subject of good knowledge, they cannot find a job or have to work with low wages. The immigrants leave the school to earn more money. This situation turns into a vicious cycle and causes sociological, economic and psychological dissatisfaction of the individual.
Economic theories, which discuss the relationship between education and emigration, regard immigrants as a human capital and emphasize the impact of the education on the migrated country’s economy and the immigrants’ economic income. Another factor is the effect of education on social interaction on the immigrant in the country he migrated. It is assumed that the immigrant may reduce the risks by the help of communication in the host country. Whilst establishing this interaction with the people and the number of them he would meet during training plays an important role.

The quantitative analysis of this project examines the scale of immigration into the Nordic countries by country of origin, gender, level of education, and other characteristics. It looks at the scale of immigration by region with a focus on the more sparsely-populated areas of the Nordic region.

Case studies from six rather remote, rural regions across the Nordics provide a more qualitative assessment of the role of these new immigrants in local labour markets with labour shortages and population decline. A central aim is to compare the measures taken to improve the long-term integration of labour migrants and their families, and refugees, into social networks and labour markets – and to identify and spread good practices.