The Nordic Arctic area shares a number of common features, such as low population density, low accessibility, low economic diversity and abundant natural resources. It is also an area of increasing international attention, due to the effects of climate change as well as expectations about future exploitation of raw materials and the opening of new sea routes.

The Nordic Region is the most northernly located geographical area within both global and European contexts and, as such, brings a unique perspective regarding Arctic issues. Six of the nine regions which are commonly defined as the Arctic are within the Nordic Region. Nordregio works with public authorities and stakeholders in the Arctic to research and find policy solutions on issues, such as adaptation to climate change and permafrost degradation, inclusive governance practices on natural resource management for indigenous people, as well as socio-economic development.