The median age of the population is rising across the Nordic countries as in most parts of Europe. At the same time, an influx of immigrants and refugees is change the population patterns in most countries. On this page, you can learn about our latest projects related to migration and integration.
Publications on Migration
The populations of the Nordic countries are ageing, and to maintain economic growth there is a need to increase immigration and have these newcomers play a substantial role in the labour markets at the national and regional levels.
State of the Nordic Region 2018 Migration and Integration presents a series of facts and figures showing the current state of integration within core socioeconomic sectors, including demography, the labour force, health, and foreign background in state-funded culture in the Nordic Region.
It takes on average five to ten years for a refugee to find work in the Nordic countries. As social inclusion is closely linked to successful labour market integration, and as during this period the refugee represents a cost to society, the question of how to ensure access to the labour market has been a prominent issue on the political agenda. Since the countries show both differences and similarities in their migration policies and practical solutions, the question is how we can learn from each other.
The increase in immigration has been especially large since 2000, driven in part by several expansions of the European Union. At the same time, some of the Nordic countries have been the destination of large numbers of asylum seekers and refugees.
Mobility trends between the Baltic and Nordic states and different national policy approaches to the increased mobility in the macro-region.
FUME: Future Migration Scenarios for Europe
The FUME project aims at understanding the patterns, motivations and modalities of migration at multiple geographical scales, from international through regional to the local, and on imagining possible futures. Find out more about the FUME.
RELOCAL (Resituating the local in cohesion and territorial development)
Location matters. Where one is born and raised (still) determines to a considerable extent one’s opportunities and constrictions and it also impacts on one’s personality. After a long period of catching-up for most of the disadvantaged regions, inequalities among regions within Member States are now growing again. Find out more about RELOCAL.
Integrating immigrants into the Nordic labour market
This project seeks to deepen understanding of how the labour market integration of immigrants can be strengthened. The project will investigate how the labour market integration of refugees and other migrant groups in the Nordic countries can be facilitated. The focus will be on drawing conclusions on appropriate policies. Find out more about the project.
MAMBA (Maximised Mobility and Accessibility of Services in Regions Affected by Demographic Change)
The MAMBA project aims to promote sustainable “people-to-service” and “service-to-people” mobility solutions in rural areas, and involve users in the innovation process. MAMBA is funded by the Interreg Baltic Sea Region Programme. Find out more about MAMBA.
Rural tourism in the Nordic region
This project looks at the challenges facing the development of a more sustainable rural tourism in the Nordic regions. Find out more about the project.
Polar Peoples: Past, Present, and Future
Polar Peoples examines population trends across the Arctic over the past, the present, and into the future, using tools of demographic and geographic analysis to describe temporal and spatial trends in the size and composition of the Arctic populations, examine the causes of these changes, and the implications of these trends for the economies and societies of the Arctic regions and countries. Find out more about the project.
Urban-rural flows of seasonal tourists – local planning challenges and strategies
In the Nordic region there are several locations that are attractive for seasonal tourism, such as the west coast of Denmark, parts of Iceland and Sweden in the summer, and ski-resorts in Norway, Finland and Sweden in the winter. Find out more about the project.
Rural Norden in 2050: Spatial perspectives on demographic and economic futures
The purpose of this project is to provide policy makers at the national and regional levels an idea of what the size, composition, and geographic distribution of the rural populations in the Nordic countries might look like at mid-century. Find out more about the project.
Rural attractiveness in Norden
The attractiveness project seeks to capture the reasons behind why people choose to leave sparsely populated / remote and urban adjacent rural areas, why they move there, and why they always have stayed there. Find out more about the project.
Transport for Regional Integration in Border regions (TRIBORDER)
The TRIBORDER project aims to analyze the potential challenges of planning and developing transport connections across the borders in the Nordic region. The project activities will contribute to the work of the Nordic Thematic Group for Sustainable Cities and Urban Development, 2017-2020. Find out more about the project.