Demographic trends in the Nordic local labour markets

This working paper presents a part of the work in ‘Nordic regions and the demographic challenge’ initiative by the Nordic working group for the exchange of experience and knowledge developments (urban policies).

One issue that has gained political recognition in recent years is the consequences for, and challenges faced by, regions marked by significant demographic change.

In order to highlight the various territorial development patterns currently prevalent in the Nordic Countries, and the differences that occur across similar types of regions, this paper outlines the various possibilities for analytic comparisons at two levels. Firstly, local labour markets can be used to highlight the key development trends in functional areas of various sizes. Secondly the ‘Nordic urban typology’ can be used as a spatial analytical tool to map regional development trends while distinguishing between different urban types of Nordic labour markets in a comparable manner.

In addition to introducing new material this report also includes follow-up analyses to a 2006 study, ‘The role of urban areas in regional development – a European and Nordic perspective” with the intent of tracking the changes to the functional local labour markets that have occurred in the interim.