The situation that has unfolded due to the COVID-19 pandemic has exposed the fragility of Nordic co-operation. In this status report, we look at the situation in border communities following the closing of the border, and what this may tell us about the state of Nordic co-operation – Vision 2030 for which includes integration.
This study employs an institutional perspective for studying Nordic co-operation, in order to help shed some light on changing intra-Nordic dynamics.
It analyses cross-border co-operation and its role within Nordic co-operation, as well as considering it more generally as a component of multilevel governance structures. In their role as para-diplomatic organisations, cross-border committees are key to ensuring ongoing dialogue across municipalities on either side of the border, as well as facilitating the objectives of further regional and local integration between states across the Nordic Region and in the European Union (EU).
The ability of border areas to exist side-by-side in an integrated, seamless way corresponds to the Nordic vision of being the most integrated region in the world. However, it is clear from this study that the role of Nordic co-operation is at a crossroads: which road it will take depends upon Nordic states’ willingness to use this platform strategically – either as a ‘must have’, or merely as a ‘nice to have’.
The way border communities and cross-border collaboration is treated in a post-pandemic context will shed some light on the nature of resilience in Nordic co-operation.
This report was carried out by the Nordic thematic group for innovative and resilient regions 2017-2020 and was commissioned by the cross-border organisations Bothnian Arc and the Svinesund Committee.
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- Social and Economic Resilience in the Bothnian Arc Cross-Border Region
- Skills supply and governance in the Bothnian Arc cross-border region
- Regional Economic and Social Resilience: An Exploratory In-Depth Study in the Nordic Countries
- Building Economic and Social Resilience in the Nordic Regions
- Skills Policies – Building Capacities for Innovative and Resilient Nordic Regions
- Strengthening regional resilience through adaptive collaboration
- Synergies between Nordic studies on resilience, digitalisation, smart specialisation and skills development
- The Nordic Thematic Group for Innovative and Resilient Regions 2017–2020 – final report
- Governing the Digital Transition in the Nordic Regions
- Governing the digital transition in Nordic Regions: The human element
- Implementing Smart Specialisation strategies in Nordic regions
- The status, characteristics and potential of smart specialisation in Nordic Regions