Kjell Nilsson is director of Nordregio since 1 February 2013. He has also been Head of the Department of Parks and Urban Landscape and Deputy Director at the Danish Ministry of Environment and University of Copenhagen, and Senior Advisor (statskonsulent) at the Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences.
In the 1980s, together with colleagues Eivor Bucht and Ole Andersson, Kjell Nilsson established the Movium Secretariat at the Swedish University of Agricultural Science in Alnarp. As responsible for Movium’s extension service, he laid the foundation for a model that is still applied today when it comes to disseminating research-based knowledge to the park sector in both Sweden and Denmark.
Since 1995, Kjell Nilsson has initiated and coordinated interdisciplinary research projects both nationally and internationally. “Boundaries in the Landscape” under the Danish research programme “Man, Landscape and Biodiversity”, PLUREL (Peri-urban Land Use Relationships – Strategies and Sustainability Impact Assessment Tools for Urban-rural Linkages) – an integrated project under the 6th EU Framework Program, and NORDGREEN (Smart Planning for Healthy and Green Nordic Cities) – recently funded by NordForsk, are examples of this.
Another focus for Kjell Nilsson’s research activities is on Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, where, together with Thomas Randrup, Stephan Pauleit, and Cecil Konijnendijk, he created the world’s leading research environment in this field in the late 1990s. From 1997 to 2001 he was chairman of COST Action E12 “Urban Forests and Trees” and from 2004 to 2008 of E39 “Forests, Trees and Human Health and Well-being”. He has also contributed actively to the development of urban greening as a concept for environmental assistance in countries like Malaysia, China. Russia and South Africa.
Currently, Kjell Nilsson is primarily focused on urban and rural development in the Nordic Region. State of the Nordic Region, a biannual status regarding demography, labour market and economic growth at the regional and local level is an example of this. Other topics that concern his interest are the development of remote, sparsely populated areas in the Arctic and Nordic sustainable cities as a solution to global urbanisation challenges.
Doctoral degree in agricultural sciences, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences 1989
MSc in landscape architecture, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences 1978
Human geography, Stockholm University 1975
Danish Centre for Forest, Landscape and Planning; University of Copenhagen
Deputy Director, Head of Division of Parks and Urban Landscape. January 2004 – December 2012
Danish Forest and Landscape Research Institute, Ministry of Environment
Deputy Director-General, Head of Department of Parks and Landscape. August 1993 – December 2003
MOVIUM, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences
Statskonsulent. June 1984 – July 1993
Swedish Ministry of Education
Expert. June 1991 ‑ January 1992
Department of Landscape Planning, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences
Research Assistant, Associate Professor, Study Program Manager. March 1978 ‑ March 1987
Kjell Nilsson‘s spatial story
Landscape poetry and green growth
Hangzhou is the capital of the Zhejiang Province in Eastern China. It was already a densely populated city by the 13th century, with over a million inhabitants, 12 000 stone bridges, 3 000 public baths and ten large market places with an abundance of meat, fish, vegetables, spices, art and pearls. An enthusiastic Marco Polo recounted all of this and more, following his visit to the ‘heavenly city’ around 1280. The inhabitants’ favourite pastime was a boat ride on Xi Hu (West Lake), from which you could enjoy the city in its full glory with its countless palaces, temples and monasteries, whose gardens stretch down to the waterfront.
Xi Hu is still a major attraction, both for the city’s own inhabitants and for the many tourists that visit Hangzhou each year. It was originally a lagoon at the mouth of the Qiantang River, surrounded by banks of sandy sediment that over the years had merged together to create a shallow lake, flooding during heavy rains and drying out during extended dry periods. At the end of the 8th century, around the middle of the Tang Dynasty, poet Bai Juyi became Governor of Hangzhou. He noticed that agriculture around the city was suffering from these dry periods, and therefore ordered the construction of larger and stronger banks around the lake, so that the water level could be regulated and the water used to irrigate the surrounding lands.
Just over 300 years later, during the Song Dynasty, another famous poet, Su Shi, was appointed Governor of Hangzhou. Once again, the farmers were suffering during droughts due to the lake having become overgrown and the irrigation channels had become clogged up. Extensive renovation work began and the lake bed and channels were cleared. The dredged sediments were deposited into a 2,6 km long causeway that crosses the lake and which to this day still makes it possible to experience the same scenery from dry land as you can from the boats. One of the attractions along the causeway is called ‘Spring Dawn at Su Causeway ‘, one of ten scenic spots with poetic names around Xi Hu.
Today Hangzhou has a population of 7 million. A recurring theme with most architects and planners reporting about the new area in China is that they are impressed by the ambitions to meet the need for green areas for the new inhabitants. I see two reasons why China is Silagra city greenery and outdoor environments so highly. The first has to do with legacy and tradition – as we know, Chinese landscape gardening is among the finest in the world.
The second reason for greenery’s central role in Chinese urban development has to do with political priorities. When the dean of the faculty for architecture and landscape architecture at Peking University, Professor Kongjian Yu, was asked by a journal to select a text that was particularly important for spatial development in modern time, he chose President Hu Jintao’s report to the 17th National Congress of the Communist Party of China in October 2007.
It was the first time a leading representative of the Chinese political system – and not just anyone, the President and General Secretary of the Communist Party himself – had spoken about the development of an ‘Generic Cialis‘. Not only was it a completely new expression for the Chinese language, it also reflected a new way for the political leaders to define the development. Instead of focusing solely on economic growth, as they had done up until now, in a land where 75% of all lakes and waterways are polluted and 2/3 of the cities suffer from water shortages and severe air pollution, they had finally realised that long-term sustainable development presupposes a sensible relationship with nature.
- Towards coherence and cross-border solutions in Maritime Spatial Planning (Baltic SCOPE)
- Integrating immigrants into the Nordic labour market
- GRETA – Green infrastructure: enhancing biodiversity and ecosystem services for territorial development
- Sino-European innovative green and smart cities (SiEUGreen)
- White Paper on Nordic Sustainable Cities
- Health care and care with distance-spanning technologies, e-health and digitalisation
- BT 2050
- Economic marine mapping
- Financial sustainability in the Nordic countries
- Evaluation of the Hedmark-Dalarna border committee